Pyramids Buried in Sand

Jebel Mara is from the golden age when the Nubians ruled all of Egypt.  Today SudanÕs government doesnÕt even control the whole country.  Since independence from Britain in 1956, the nationÕs northern leaders have fought to extend their power throughout the rebellious south. Desert smothers much of northern Sudan.  Since the 1970's, investors have taken what little good agricultural land there is, evicting farmers and herders to grow crops for export.  But mechanized farming destroys fragile soils, and millions of acres have been lost to erosion..Story Summary:.Sudan, the largest country in Africa, hosts a civil war between the Islamic North and the African South that has the highest casualty rate of any war since World War II...Two and a half million people have been killed in this insidious conflict.  It drags on because Southerners have no voice, and the Northerners have engineered ÒThe Perfect WarÓ where none of their people are killed...The North forces people out of the South by bombing them, burning their crops, and harassing them with gunships. They abduct their children and draft them to fight with the Northern armyÑforcing southerners to fight their own brothers...This story is particularly interesting now because there is a small window for peace in a civil war that has been dragging on since the end of colonial rule.  The war has always been about tribal issues and ideologyÉ but more than that, it is about resources.  This clash over resources may bring peace.  The North controls the pipeline and the only port, and the South controls the land...The story of Sudan has always been the continual transference of wealth from the resources of the south to the elite few who live in the deserts of the north.  And the sucking sound in the middle of the country is from the corrupt government in northern Khartoum..

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